Even in his earliest films, Martin Scorsese, a devout cinephile since childhood, displayed a keen desire to marry form with content. His long, complex camera movements, often staccato editing and meticulous attention to colour, décor and music all serve meaning, whether revealing his characters’ inner lives or articulating their relationship to their surroundings. In passing, meanwhile, he often pays tribute to movies he loves. Scorsese’s oeuvre has always been profoundly personal; initially he drew on memories of growing up in Little Italy – not least the colourful combination of Catholicism and criminality – but even when he looked further afield for material, both his fictions and his documentaries spoke of his own passions and interests. It is, surely, this deep engagement which gives Scorsese’s work its distinctive energy, its consistent inventiveness and its singular cinematic beauty.